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This podcast is for general informational and educational purposes only and is not to be considered as medical advice for any particular patient. Clinicians must rely on their own informed clinical judgment in making recommendations to their patients. ©2016 by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, all rights reserved.
 
Primary Care and Urgent Care Pediatricians need easy-to-use tools and resources to help provide best and safest care for common, acute ambulatory conditions. Tools You Can Use for Pediatricians reviews evidence-based clinical guidelines, workflows, EPIC tools, patient education, and new research to provide actionable insights for practicing pediatricians in just 15 minutes. This podcast is for general information and educational purposes only and is not to be considered as medical advice for ...
 
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Primary care physicians can play a key role in helping patients who are intellectually and cognitively gifted get the resources they need, including children who may otherwise be missed. Thomas Flynn, PhD, a pediatric neuropsychologist at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discusses: characteristics a primary care physician can look for that may …
 
Lupus is one of the most common diseases in pediatric rheumatology, but it is complicated to diagnose because its symptoms can be broad and nonspecific, creating overlap with other diagnoses. Sarah Bayefsky, MD, a pediatric and adult rheumatology fellow at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, and M…
 
In the U.S., Black women are 3 times more likely to experience infant mortality and previously healthy Black children are 3.4 times more likely to die within 30 days after a surgery. What do these statistics – and many others around healthcare, housing and other topics – have to do with vaccine hesitancy? Everything. Latasha Easter, MD, a pediatric…
 
Did you know that lack of canal swelling should be a red flag in physical exam of otorrhea? Ryan Ruiz, MD, MS, attending physician, Division of Otolaryngology, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, provides a broad review, covering: key physical exam findings that indicate otitis externa; using antibiotic ear drops and/or oral antibiotics; when to c…
 
The Philadelphia Youth Sports Collaborative has more than 70 member organizations that help promote leadership, grit, and other important skills through sports. Beth DeVine, executive director, Philadelphia Youth Sports Collaborative, explains the term “sports-based youth development” and provides an overview of the organization’s goals and role, i…
 
Climate change has many health effects, yet doctors and patients don’t routinely discuss this topic. Harleen Marwah, MD, MS, a pediatric resident at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia who is the founder of Medical Students for a Sustainable Future,provides an overview of the many ways climate changes affects children’s health, including prenatal h…
 
How can a primary care physician be sure their patient’s oral allergy syndrome (OAS) is not another type of allergy that may require more aggressive management? Katie Kennedy, MD, attending physician, Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discusses: how to get a history to distinguish between OAS and IgE-…
 
In Philadelphia, sleep-related deaths (including SIDS, accidental suffocation, and unknown cause) are the second-highest cause of infant mortality, after prematurity. Two pediatricians, Roy Hoffman, MD, MPH, Medical Director, Fatality Review Program, Philadelphia Department of Public Health, who sees patients at a health department-run community he…
 
Parents worry when a child hits their head. This podcast will help inform the important decisions you need to make as a primary care provider, including whether to send them to the emergency room. Daniel Corwin, MD, MSCE, an emergency medicine physician and researcher at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discusses acute (less than 24 hours) head…
 
One in 4 children will have an episode of chronic pain before they reach adulthood, and kids with chronic pain are 3 times as likely to suffer anxiety or depression. How can primary care pediatricians help de-stigmatize the role of psychology in treatment for chronic pain? Jessica Collins, PsyD, and Christina Holbein, PhD, psychologists who run Com…
 
Chlamydia is the most commonly reported bacterial disease in the U.S., and half of the 1.8 million cases reported in 2019 were in youth. A recent publication by Kenisha Campbell, MD, MPH, and Sarah Wood, MD, MSHP, adolescent medicine physicians at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, showed providers are much more likely to screen Black adolescent …
 
Less than a quarter of children with developmental disabilities receive early intervention services before age 3. The recent update to the “Learn the Signs: Act Early” guidelines is a step toward more children and families getting help sooner. Kate Wallis, MD, MPH, a developmental behavioral pediatrician at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, revi…
 
Friendships and social bonds are integral to children’s health. How can a pediatrician help those struggling with social skills? Emily DePaul, BS, MPH, MA, who is a clinical research coordinator for the PriCARE Parenting Program and runs group social skills training for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), provides an overview of the impo…
 
How should a primary care physician evaluate neutropenia, and decide when it’s time to worry? Kandace Gollomp, MD, pediatric hematologist, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discusses: tips for evaluating a CBC with differential; absolute neutrophil count (ANC) parameters for mild/moderate/severe neutropenia; when to worry about increased risk of…
 
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) and neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome (NOWS) have skyrocketed as a result of the ongoing opioid epidemic. Celina C.S. Migone, MD, attending neonatologist, CHOP at Einstein Montgomery, discusses inpatient management of NAS and NOWS, including a new scoring system (replacing the Finnegan) and a move away from phar…
 
The AAP recommends that infants get 400 IUs of vitamin D per day; fewer than 40% meet this guideline. Erica Schwab, RD, LDN, a clinical dietitian who supports the Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discusses: why most babies, whether breast- or formula-fed, need vitamin D supplementation; …
 
Anxiety disorders collectively are the third most common psychiatric condition in children. Katrina Fletcher, MD, psychiatrist, and Jason Lewis, PhD, psychologist, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, review: tools to screen and assess anxiety disorders; other diagnoses to consi…
 
Chalkin’ Your Walkin’ is a pandemic-era project to chalk inspirational messages on the South Street Bridge in Philadelphia, over which many healthcare workers walk and bike to work. The messages are created by Katie Woo Castelo, MSN, CRNP, a nurse practitioner in the Emergency Department at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, with help from her ki…
 
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome, or FPIES, is a rare and different food allergy – non IgE-mediated, perhaps driven by T cells. About 20% of babies with acute FPIES present in shock to the CHOP ER. There isn’t a diagnostic test for FPIES. Amy Dean, MPH, RD, CSP, LDN, clinical dietitian, Gayle Diamond, MD, attending gastroenterologist, Te…
 
One in 5 children will experience the death of a loved one before age 18. Consuelo Cagande, MD, Division Chief, Community Care and Wellness Program, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, reviews the difference between grief and mourning; how children may grieve differently and the William Worden stages, which may be more applicable than the Kubler-R…
 
Symptoms tend to be worse in the morning. Approximately a quarter of cases present without pain. And erythema is not generally a sign. Jay Mehta, MD, MS, attending physician, Division of Rheumatology, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, reviews juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood. He discusses:…
 
Bridget Sullivan Garmisa, MSN, MS,CRNP, RD, a nurse practitioner and registered dietitian at a Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia primary care practice, discusses: tips for helping parents deal with picky eaters; importance of role-modeling by parents; how to help parents with common household challenges, such as having time to prepare a healthful…
 
More and more pediatric healthcare systems are incorporating acupuncture for pain management and other purposes. Dr. Winona Chua, attending physician, Division of General Pediatrics, and Douglas McDaniel, licensed acupuncturist, Cancer Center, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discuss: a review of what acupuncture is, its history, and theories a…
 
Sleep-disordered breathing, including snoring and sleep apnea, affects up to 17 percent of youth, and the AAP recommends screening for it at every visit. Ariel Williamson, PhD, DBSM, psychologist, and Ignacio Tapia, MD, attending pulmonologist, of the Sleep Center at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, provide a review of high-risk populations for…
 
A team discusses a CHOP program called Picture This, in which colorful and interactive murals are used in primary care exam rooms to encourage parent-child interaction and facilitate care. Danielle Erkoboni, MD, primary care pediatrician, CHOP Care Network, Melanie Hoynoski, CCLS, STRS, child life specialist at CHOP, and Steve Wilmot, MSW, Associat…
 
Did you know that if a new mom is suffering from postpartum depression, the chances are high that the new dad or partner may be struggling as well? David Levine, MD, pediatrician and board member, Postpartum Support International, discusses perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) in dads, partners, and adoptive parents. Among the topics: preva…
 
As children and teenagers return to summer activities and school sports, particularly after the pandemic down-time, injuries, including fractures, are on the rise. Brendan Williams, MD, attending pediatric orthopaedic surgeon, Sports Medicine and Performance Center, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discusses: physical exam findings that raise s…
 
Acne is one of the most common skin conditions, affecting about 80% of all teens. While some teens will only experience mild symptoms, others may develop scarring, hyperpigmentation and negative psychosocial effects. Amanda Shepard-Hayes, MD, an Attending Pediatrician specializing in dermatology at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discusses the…
 
Did you know that the pincers of head lice are perfectly suited to the caliber of children’s hair? And they need a blood-meal every 24 hours to survive? If you hate lice – and love puns – tune in for this discussion with Albert Yan, MD, pediatric dermatologist, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. He reviews: the epidemiology of lice, including why…
 
At what age should pediatricians worry if a patient hasn’t had their first period? How can they help patients manage chronic period pain? What is “period poverty” and how can doctors help? Shelby Davies, MD, a fellow in the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discusses a variety of period-related topics, including:…
 
Colleen Lukens, PhD, psychologist, and Sherri Cohen, MD, MPH, medical director, the Pediatric Feeding and Swallowing Center, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discuss how their multidisciplinary clinic would manage this case, and review: some underlying causes for feeding disorders; common reasons for referral to the center; when an additional r…
 
Approximately 15% of school-age children and adolescents in the U.S. are thought to have an emotional or behavioral disorder, and nearly two-thirds receive no formal mental health care. Pediatricians are increasingly being called on to screen for and treat mental health problems. Billie Samantha Schwartz, PhD, a Psychologist in the Department of Ch…
 
Parents often have questions about organic foods and environmental toxins such as BPA and phthalates. This conversation will help provide answers. Leonardo Trasande, MD, MPP, Jim G. Hendricks, MD, Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, and author of “Sicker, Fatter, Poorer: The Urgent Threat of Hormone-d…
 
In celebration of the 100th episode of the Primary Care Perspectives podcast, Dr. Katie Lockwood welcomes a special guest, author Jessica Lahey, to discuss her most recent book, “The Addiction Inoculation: Raising Healthy Kids in a Culture of Dependence.” Lahey, whose perspective is informed by her own recovery from alcohol addiction and her experi…
 
A baby who can’t sit up by 7 months of age. A "clumsy" child who struggles with tasks such as riding a bike. A teenager experiencing dizziness 2-3 months after concussion. What do these patients have in common? They may benefit from assessment for a vestibular disorder. Robert O’Reilly, MD, attending physician, Division of Otolaryngology, and direc…
 
Ergonomics is the science of fitting a given environment to a person, to limit exposure to physical stressors that could lead to discomfort or injury. Ian Leahy, PT, DPT, a physical therapist with the Sports Medicine and Performance Center at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discusses: the basics of a good home set-up; whether to recommend a st…
 
Matthew Elias, MD, attending cardiologist, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discusses COVID-19’s impact on the heart and how it affects outpatient care for children who have recovered. Includes: a refresher on clinical symptoms of myocarditis, which vary by age and can be subtle; review of EKG findings with myocarditis (again, tricky); other ca…
 
Fifteen million children are exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) in the U.S. every year, with 50% of those exposures severe. This podcast offers perspective from Kalena Brown, an advocate and mother whose primary care pediatrician helped her and her three children safely leave a domestic violence situation; Ashlee Lynn Murray, MD, MPH, atten…
 
Kerri Heckert, MS, RD, LDN, CEDRD-S, clinical dietitian, and Eleanor Benner, PsyD, psychologist, of the Eating Disorder Assessment and Treatment Program at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), discuss the most recent (and more inclusive) diagnostic criteria for anorexia and bulimia; the relatively new diagnosis ARFID (Avoidant Restrictive Fo…
 
In this episode, Arunjot Singh, MD, MPH, attending physician and Co-Director of the Center for Celiac Disease at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), talks about when and how to start celiac screenings, genetic links to other autoimmune diseases, common presentations of celiac disease in a primary care setting, understanding IgG levels, role…
 
In this episode, we explore the ethical considerations around the development and distribution of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines with Chris Feudtner, MD, PhD, MPH, Director of Research for the Justin Michael Ingerman Center for Palliative Care and Endowed Chair in Medical Ethics at CHOP. He discusses how are advisory groups are deciding who will receive prior…
 
In this episode, Katie Lockwood, MD, sits down with a panel of experts to talk about CHOP’s clinical pathway for the management of challenging behaviors in children. Vicky Scheid, MD, Pediatrician, Melanie Hoynoski, Child Life Specialist, and Julie Ginsburg, MSN, CPNP-PC, AE-C, Ambulatory Nursing Practice Specialist, share strategies to support and…
 
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